Tag Archives: bee hives

An Exclusive July Fourth!

July 4, 2013

Happy Fourth of July, Everyone!

By Jim PathFinder Ewing

We decided that since our bees have been so productive this year, we’d go ahead and harvest a little honey. Actually, I was going to wait until my normal time, the end of August, but I bumped into a friend at Rainbow Co-op Grocery who is also a beek, and he said he was already harvesting.

I said, “Isn’t it a little early?”

He said that he was running out of supers. I got to thinking about it, and figured, well, why not? I plan to adding the super back, anyway. Just trade it out now and see how they’re doing in the fall. As long as they have adequate honey for winter, skimming some off the top now shouldn’t hurt.

So, I’ve just come back from preparing to harvest a little honey. Not a lot: just a little. Note, we didn’t actually harvest honey today. But we’ll have some, hopefully, in a couple of days. This is just the preparation.

A lot of folks, I guess, think that you just go out to the bees and they give you honey. It’s not that easy. Actually, you have to separate the bees from the honey. And that can be messy — or it can be rather gentle.

Since I’m a natural beekeeper — barefoot beekeeper or whatever you want to call it — I prefer nonchemical, easy and gentle.

In the old days, when I started beekeeping back in the 1970s, we would use “fume boards.” They were stinky arrangements where you dosed a board with a stinky substance that the bees — and beekeepers! — couldn’t abide. That caused the bees to leave the box adjacent to the board, and the beekeeper removed the box.

But somewhere along the way, somebody got smart and developed an excluder board that does the same thing — separating bees from honey — without the stink. It’s a board with a hole in it that’s covered in a screen arrangement, so that the bees can go back down into the main hive at night but are prevented from getting back into the box when they try to return in the morning.

So, today, I put in the excluder. Here’s a step by step.

When you gather pine straw for your bee smoker make sure and gather some extra and keep it in a dry space. At some point,  you may need to smoke the hives and find that all your outdoors pine straw is too wet to use. Photo by Jim Ewing

When you gather pine straw for your bee smoker make sure and gather some extra and keep it in a dry space. At some point, you may need to smoke the hives and find that all your outdoors pine straw is too wet to use. Photo by Jim Ewing

First, you want to gather some pine straw for your smoker. Some companies sell material to be burned in bee hive smokers, but why spend money when there’s a natural substance that’s free? One caveat: I’ve learned the hard way not to just go out to the pine trees and start gathering straw to be used that day. Sooner or later, you’ll find yourself wanting to mess with the bees and the pine straw will be too damp to use.

Rather, I keep a bucket in the garage with gathered pine straw in it. That way, the pine straw is always dry. When the bucket starts to get low (pictured), I just take it with me and fill it up along with as much as I need for that day, and bring it back to the garage when I’m through.

Pine straw works pretty good. Take some newspaper and tear it into strips and put them in the middle of a handful. Light the paper and once it starts burning, stuff it into the smoker. Puff it a couple of times to make sure it’s well lit, then close the top. You should be good for a session in the bee yard. But always carry a lighter, just in case. It doesn’t take but a moment to relight the smoker if it goes out.

As you can see, the smoker is smokin' and we're ready to lift the top off the hive on the right. Photo by Jim Ewing

As you can see, the smoker is smokin’ and we’re ready to lift the top off the hive on the right. Photo by Jim Ewing

Here’s the smoker in the bee yard. Another tip: It it seems to be going out, only lightly use the bellows. Don’t pump it hard. That will almost certainly cause a dwindling spark to go out. Rather, gently squeeze the bellows in slow, long steps. You’ll see the smoke gradually get thicker. Then, if you set it down, it may get thicker still.

We’re going to install the excluder in the established hive (not the swarm hive) on the right. We’ll get back to the swarm hive in coming weeks.

The bees have been busy building new wax onto the frames added less than two weeks ago. Photo by Jim Ewing

The bees have been busy building new wax onto the frames added less than two weeks ago. Photo by Jim Ewing

As you can see, the bees have been busy. It’s only been 10 days since we put this super on the hive, but the bees have built wax all the way to the the end frames and have actually started putting honey in the center frames.

The hive is now open. The newest super (the green one) has been removed, at right. Notice the top box now covered with bees. That's the super we want to prepare to remove for its honey. Photo by Jim Ewing

The hive is now open. The newest super (the green one) has been removed, at right. Notice the top box now covered with bees. That’s the super we want to prepare to remove for its honey. Photo by Jim Ewing

So, I took off the top super off and set it to the right, as you can see in the photo. The top of the hive and inner board are on the ground to the left. Next, I pick up the super that’s now shown as the top one (the one covered with bees) and set it on the saw horses, on the right. I put the newest (green) super where it had been, and put the excluder board on top of it. Then, I put the hive full of honey on top of the green super, with the inner board and hive top on top of that. Here’s a photo:

The brown line at the bottom of the first box is the excluder board. Now, we wait. Photo by Jim Ewing

The brown line at the bottom of the first box is the excluder board. Now, we wait. Photo by Jim Ewing

So, now, the hive box filled with honey — and believe me, it’s filled with honey, maybe 50 pounds — is the top box. You can see the brown line beneath it that is the excluder board.

We’ll come back Saturday and check and see if it’s empty of bees. If so, we’ll take the box and remove the honey. If there are still some bees in it, we’ll give it another 24 hours.

Using the old stinky fume boards was quicker. But I’m grateful that this method has been developed. I don’t mind waiting for honey, or for the bees to very gently be removed from their honey. I think it’s just good energy! Right now, they’ll be focused on filling that new box with honey and will forget about the top box.

Now, we’re ready to celebrate! This EXCLUSIVE Fourth of July, in hopes of sweeter times, still!!!

Jim PathFinder Ewing is a journalist, author, writer, editor, organic farmer and blogger. His latest book titled Conscious Food: Sustainable Growing, Spiritual Eating (Findhorn Press) is in bookstores now. Find Jim on Facebook, follow him @edibleprayers or visit blueskywaters.com.

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Spring is Bee Swarm Season

April 2, 2013

Collecting a Swarm

By Jim PathFinder Ewing

In case you haven’t noticed, Spring is bee swarm season.

Bees swarm in the Spring, like this one close to the author's beehives. Photo by Jim PathFinder Ewing c. blueskywaters.com

Bees swarm in the Spring, like this swarm close to the author’s beehives. Photo by Jim PathFinder Ewing c. blueskywaters.com

Beekeepers try to keep their bees from swarming (by splitting hives, removing queen cells, requeening, adding supers, etc.), but it happens anyway. It’s the bees’ way of propagating. Each Spring, the queen accelerates egg laying in preparation for the coming honey flow. When the hive gets crowded, the old queen leaves, taking about half the hive’s members with her. A new queen takes her place. It’s nature’s way. In effect, beekeepers are trying to contain or control nature by retaining their bees, but that’s more of a goal than a certainty.

I heard a loud buzzing in the backyard Monday, and I thought: Uh, oh! Photo by Jim PathFinder Ewing c. blueskywaters.com

I heard a loud buzzing in the backyard Monday, and I thought: Uh, oh! Photo by Jim PathFinder Ewing c. blueskywaters.com

On Monday, I went outside to do some chores and I heard a loud buzzing in the backyard, and I thought: Uh, oh! I went out the side field toward the bee yard and the sky was filled with buzzing bees: a swarm! From past experience, I knew there was nothing to be done until they coalesced into a tree. So, I went back inside the house.

About an hour later, I came out and listened. Following the sound of the low buzz, I found the swarm in a (thankfully!) low bush. I went up and looked at the bees. I could tell from their size and color that they were from my Cordovan hive. (I have two hives: one Italian and one Cordovan, or I should say, had two hives!)

I went and got an empty brood and super boxes and wheeled them out to the swarm.

There are several ways to capture a swarm of bees. The best way: be gentle! Photo by Jim PathFinder Ewing c. blueskywaters.com

There are several ways to capture a swarm of bees. The best way: be gentle! Photo by Jim PathFinder Ewing c. blueskywaters.com

Capturing this swarm was made easy by the fact that it was low to the ground. A few years ago, I gave up on a swarm that was high in an oak tree. But this swarm posed a problem in that its size was larger than average and it adhered to several branches, rather than one main branch.

The key to capturing a swarm is to stay calm and go through every move in your mind beforehand, so that you are practicing effortless effort. Picture it in your mind as a fluid, gentle movement. Sounds rather Zen-like, doesn’t it? That’s true. The bees will respond to your energy, so you want to be calm, cool, deliberate, unhurried.

With this swarm, I wheeled my empty hives beneath the swarm, then took my shears and slowly pruned all the branches from around the swam, above, below and to the sides. The bees were very quiet; you could hardly hear them, even as hundreds still zoomed in and out. They were very gentle, as they had no honey to protect; they were balled tightly around their queen, protecting her, awaiting signals from their scouts that a suitable new home had been found.

Finally, the moment of truth had arrived. Since the swarm had settled on several branches, I had to cut each one and shake it into the bee box. And, as I cut the limbs, hundreds of bees were dislodged. Needless to say, the bees didn’t like this. Now, thousands of bees were zooming around — some quite angry! So, I gently closed the box and walked away.

About an hour later, I came out to check on the bees.

I check the bees after an hour and it appeared the swarm was making itself comfortable in its new home. Photo by Jim PathFinder Ewing c. blueskywaters.com

I checked the bees after an hour and it appeared the swarm was making itself comfortable in its new home. Photo by Jim PathFinder Ewing c. blueskywaters.com

They were settled in their new hive. So, I wheeled it to the bee yard and put it on blocks: their new (old) home!

We’ll see if they stay. Sometimes they do, sometimes they don’t.

You can’t fool Mother Nature!

Jim PathFinder Ewing is a journalist, author, writer, editor, organic farmer and blogger. His latest book titled Conscious Food: Sustainable Growing, Spiritual Eating (Findhorn Press) is in bookstores now. Find Jim on Facebook: http://bit.ly/cuxUdc or follow him @edibleprayers or @organicwriter or visit blueskywaters.com.